About Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria
The Federal Capital Territory, commonly known as FCT, or loosely as FCT-Abuja, is a federal territory in central Nigeria. Abuja, the capital city of Nigeria, is located in this territory. FCT was formed in 1976 from parts of the states of Nasarawa, Niger and Kogi. It is within the Middle Belt region of the country. Unlike the States of Nigeria, which are headed by elected Governors, it is administered by the Federal Capital Territory Administration, headed by a minister appointed by the President.
The Federal Capital Territory (FCT) is the area that hosts Abuja. It was carved out in 1976 from parts of Nasarawa, Niger, and Kogi States in the central part of Nigeria.
The Federal Capital Territory is governed by a Minister (appointed by the President) who heads the Federal Capital Territory Administration, FCTA.
The FCTA was created on 31st December 2004; before the creation of FCTA, the territory was governed by the Ministry of the Federal Capital Territory (MFCT).
The territory is located just north of the confluence of the Niger River and Benue River. It is bordered by the states of Niger to the West and North, Kaduna to the northeast, Nasarawa to the east and south and Kogi to the southwest.
Lying between latitude 8.25 and 9.20 north of the equator and longitude 6.45 and 7.39 east of Greenwich Meridian, Abuja is geographically located in the center of the country.
The Federal Capital Territory has a landmass of approximately 7,315 km2, and it is situated within the Savannah region with moderate climatic conditions.
Natural Resources in FCT
Minerals found in the FCT include marble, tin, clay, mica, and tantalite.
The hills of the FCT provide home to many bushbuck, forest Black duiker, bush pig, chimpanzee and red-flanked duiker. Also found in FCT woodland are leopard, buffalo, roan antelope, Western hartebeest, elephant, warthog, grey duiker, dog-faced baboon, patas monkey and green monkey.
While the FCTA administers the whole of the FCT, The Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) specifically manages the construction and infrastructure development of the region. The Federal Capital City (FCC) Abuja is located inside the wider Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC).
The territory is currently made up of six local councils, comprising the City of Abuja and five Local Government Areas, namely:
- Abuja Municipal
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